Category Archives: English and Grammar

English Review of Types of Nonfiction

Overview There are also a number of types (or genres) of nonfiction, including biography, essays, history, and reports.  Nonfiction differs from fiction in that nonfiction deals with accurate reporting of events, while fiction creates imaginary events.  Much of the writing that students do is nonfiction, whether in essays, reports, or papers. Biography and Autobiography A […]

English Review of Types of Fiction

Overview There are many different types or genres of fiction.  Some of the most common types include adventure fiction, historical fiction, romance, science fiction, fantasy, mystery, and horror.  Some people love to read only one type of fiction, such as adventure stories, mysteries, or science fiction, and libraries often shelve books in sections, so that […]

English Review of Paragraphs

Overview Individual sentences express complete thoughts, and individual paragraphs support main ideas.  The development of paragraphs flows naturally to the development of arguments to support a central idea. Paragraph Length All the sentences in a paragraph support one main idea.   Suppose a journalist were writing an article about a city meeting.  She may choose to […]

English Review of Sentences

Overview A sentence is a group of words that form a complete thought.  There are different types of sentences depending on what they contain. Complete Sentence Students are often asked to write answers to essay questions in complete sentences.  A complete sentence has a noun that acts as a subject, and a verb that is […]

English Review of Basic Writing Structures

Overview Writers use basic structures to put their ideas in order and present them. Some of those basic structures include chronological, sequential, comparative, causal (or cause-and-effect), categorical, and evaluative. Chronological and Sequential The simplest way to order ideas is to present them as they happen in time, with a beginning, middle, and end. Most stories […]

English Review of Transitions

Overview One of the ways to help the reader understand the points made or the direction the argument is going is by the use of transitions.  Transition words and phrases signal illustration, contrast, continuation, or conclusion. Illustration One of the ways to develop an idea is by illustrating examples.  They add more information about a […]

English Review of Spelling

Overview Although sounds many sound the same in English, they may be spelled differently.  Therefore, many words that sound similar may be spelled very differently, and any English spelling rule is likely to have exceptions. Same Sound, Different Spelling Many similar sounds are expressed by different combinations of letters.  For example, the long a as […]