English Review of Types of Texthttp://schooltutoring.com/help/wp-content/themes/osmosis/images/empty/thumbnail.jpg 150 150 Deborah Deborah http://0.gravatar.com/avatar/63fb4ad5c163b8f83de2f54371b9e040?s=96&d=mm&r=g
Students read and study different types of text, including expository text, persuasive text, expressive text, and literary text. Different types of text have different purposes, and understanding the author’s purpose in writing helps in active reading.
Most of the textbooks and reference books students are required to read are expository text, written to explain a concept or give information about a topic. Usually the purpose is stated in clear objectives. Paragraphs may follow a chronological order in a clear time sequence, or they may follow a series of steps, describing a process. When headings and subheadings are used in textbooks, use them as a study guide to question and summarize what is learned. For example, a chapter in a biology textbook on the science of biology might include headings about a definition of science, how scientists work, characteristics of living things, and tools and procedures used in experiments. Subheadings under how scientists work include designing experiments, publishing and repeating investigations, and how a theory develops.
Persuasive text is written in order to sway the reader’s opinion to the author’s point of view. It may be as brief as an advertisement or as involved as a political document. The goal of persuasive text is a call to action. Editorials may be slanted towards a particular opinion, and present reasons why the reader might support or oppose a candidate or activity. Often, writers will use comparison and contrast to support their position. Persuasive text can be straightforward, or it can be distorted to the point of propaganda.
Expressive text is written in order to convey emotional content from the author’s own point of view. Usually, expressive text is intended to be private, such as letters, journals, and diaries. However, when those letters are exchanged between famous people, such as the letters between John and Abigail Adams, or the journals and diaries are written during a particular time in history or by famous people, they are no longer private.
Literary texts are writings such as novels, short stories, drama, poetry, and literary biographies and autobiographies. They often convey moods through description, keep the reader engaged through a fast-moving plot and memorable characters, and emphasize the finished product. Readers may be entertained, enthralled, and encouraged to find meaning within themes and characters.
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