Earth Sciences: Types of Landforms

The surface of earth is a collaboration of the various physical features. These natural physical features on the earth’s surface called as landforms.  Landforms are defined as the natural physical features found on the surface of the earth created as a result of various forces of nature such as wind, water, ice, and movement of tectonic plates. Some landforms are created in a matter of few hours, while others take millions of years to appear.

There are many types of landforms on the earth’s surface. Following are some of the common types of landforms and their characteristics.


Mountains are landforms higher than the surrounding areas. They are formed due to the tectonic movements, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and erosion of the surrounding areas caused due to wind, water and ice. Mountains are found in the oceans and on land.


Plateaus are flat highlands that are separated from the surroundings due to steep slopes. They are formed by collisions of tectonic plates, magma action that causes the elevation in earth’s crust.


Valleys are low-lying areas of land between hills and mountains that are formed due to the actions of glaciers and rivers over millions of years. Depending on the shape they are classified as V shaped valleys and U shaped valleys. V-shaped valleys are formed by the flowing rivers and U-shaped valleys are formed due to glaciers.


Due to lack of adequate rainfall, desert is a dry piece of land with little or no vegetation. They are mostly found mainly in rain shadow areas which are leeward of a mountain range with respect to the wind direction. In deserts, the atmospheric air is very dry, and daytime temperature is high.


Dunes are mounds or small hills made up of sand that are created due to the action of and water flow (under water dunes). It may be dome-shaped, crescent-shaped, star-shaped, linear-shaped, and many more. The height of a dune hill can be as low as 1 meter, or as high as 10 meter and more.


An island is a piece of land which is surrounded by water from all sides and formed either due to volcanic eruptions or due to hot spots in the lithosphere.


Plains are flat or the low relief areas on the surface of the earth. It might be formed as a result of the sedimentation of eroded soil from the top of the hills and mountains or might be due to flowing lava deposited by the agents of wind, water, and ice.


Rivers are natural flowing streams of fresh water descending from mountains. They mostly flow toward a lake, sea, ocean or another river.


Oceans are the biggest water bodies found on earth and are saline in nature. Oceans cover over 71% of the earth’s surface and are responsible in controlling the weather and climate of the earth. Oceans originated due to continental drifts i.e. the movement of the earth’s tectonic plates.


Loess are deposition of silt, with a little amount of sand and clay. They appear yellowish or brownish in color. Wind action or glacial activities are responsible for formation of loess.


Glaciers are slow moving huge bodies of ice formed due to the compression of the snow layers. They move depending on the pressure and gravity. There are two types of glaciers, the alpine glaciers which can be located in high mountains and the continental glaciers which can be located in cold Polar regions.


Peninsulas are large land areas that extend into water bodies. They remain surrounded by water on three sides. Peninsulas are formed by lithospheric movements and action of water currents.


Deltas are low-lying, triangle-shaped areas, located at the mouth of rivers. In the course of creating a delta, the sand, silt, and rock particles are accumulated in a nearly triangular shape.

Image source:

SchoolTutoring Academy is the premier educational services company for K-12 and college students. We offer tutoring programs for students in K-12, AP classes, and college. To learn more about how we help parents and students in Duncan visit: Tutoring in Duncan.

1,729 thoughts on “Earth Sciences: Types of Landforms”

  1. Pingback: nike air max
  2. Pingback: wow gold
  3. Pingback: hogan donna 35
  4. Pingback: Gucci Backpack
  5. Pingback: monocle aftershave
  6. Pingback: 500 gucci
  7. Pingback: collane gucci
  8. Pingback: orologi gucci uomo
  9. Pingback: hermes bologna
  10. Pingback: chaussure
  11. Pingback: nike air max woven
  12. Pingback: bvlgari Necklace
  13. Pingback: Louis Vuitton Sale
  14. Pingback: barbour hood
  15. Pingback: nike air max
  16. Pingback: sneakers
  17. Pingback: ugg smoking flats
  18. Pingback: chaussure
  19. Pingback: アグーブーツ
  20. Pingback: chaussure
  21. Pingback: Nike Dance
  22. Pingback: asics
  23. Pingback: mcm or kcmil
  24. Pingback: nike blazer
  25. Pingback: nike free run
  26. Pingback: emplois ugg vente
  27. Pingback: chaussure femme
  28. Pingback: moncler umtausch
  29. Pingback: borsa gucci usata
  30. Pingback: nike outlet
  31. Pingback: cintura gucci
  32. Pingback: air max
  33. Pingback: nike air max 9
  34. Pingback: oakley sunglasses
  35. Pingback: air max 1
  36. Pingback: chaussure
  37. Pingback: replica gucci bags
  38. Pingback: ugg australia
  39. Pingback: Coach Factory
  40. Pingback: スニカー
  41. Pingback: ugg ブーツ 紫
  42. Pingback: ugg 最新
  43. Pingback: barbour beaufort
  44. Pingback: Legend Blue 11
  45. Pingback: sports clothing uk
  46. Pingback: Coach Outlet
  47. Pingback: ugg kinderschuhe
  48. Pingback: coach
  49. Pingback: barbour bedale
  50. Pingback: coach 人気
  51. Pingback: coach outlet
  52. Pingback: mbt m.walk
  53. Pingback: fitflops
  54. Pingback: URL
  55. Pingback: moncler v 偽物
  56. Pingback: ugg セレブ
  57. Pingback: coach handbags
  58. Pingback: ugg ソール
  59. Pingback: Hermes Bolide
  60. Pingback: プラダ 値段
  61. Pingback: KDnCtiga
  62. Pingback: air jordan daily
  63. Pingback: jordan pas chers
  64. Pingback: black friday prada
  65. Pingback: bags
  66. Pingback: プラダ 意味
  67. Pingback: Prada outlet uk
  68. Pingback: ugg butte boots
  69. Pingback: cheap uggs
  70. Pingback: bali barret hermes
  71. Pingback: nike air jordan 14
  72. Pingback: ugg タグの色
  73. Pingback: prada 財布 緑
  74. Pingback: barbour jacket uk
  75. Pingback: ugg mocasins
  76. Pingback: YSL outlet uk
  77. Pingback: discontinued uggs
  78. Pingback: sac lancel tissu
  79. Pingback: air max 2014 new
  80. Pingback: barbour logo
  81. Pingback: nike air force 180
  82. Pingback: asic shoes
  83. Pingback: mens barbour
  84. Pingback: parajumpers parkas
  85. Pingback: cheap ugg boots
  86. Pingback: 新作chanel
  87. Pingback: プラダ 相場
  88. Pingback: Woolrich Outlet
  89. Pingback: white nike shoes
  90. Pingback: hermes home store
  91. Pingback: cyber monday toms
  92. Pingback: jimmy choo heels
  93. Pingback: ray ban sunglasses
  94. Pingback: hermes evelyne tpm
  95. Pingback: asics shoes cheap
  96. Pingback: borse gucci jackie
  97. Pingback: nike toddler shoes
  98. Pingback: ugg shoes sale
  99. Pingback: parajumpers jacka
  100. Pingback: 安いブーツ
  101. Pingback: Jimmy Choo Outlet
  102. Pingback: barbour buy
  103. Pingback: Woolrich outlet
  104. Pingback: Prada sac à main
  105. Pingback: asics kayano 18
  106. Pingback: Parajumpers kinder
  107. Pingback: parajumper 2013
  108. Pingback: Parajumpers damen
  109. Pingback: ugg boots sale
  110. Pingback: celine bag blog
  111. Pingback: barbour jumpers
  112. Pingback: ugg outlet
  113. Pingback: louboutin pas cher
  114. Pingback: nike lacrosse
  115. Pingback: louboutin pas cher
  116. Pingback: goose canada
  117. Pingback: Jimmy Choo Heels
  118. Pingback: mcm munchen
  119. Pingback: tous les sacs dior
  120. Pingback: parajumpers jacken
  121. Pingback: Moncler Usa
  122. Pingback: Air Max 2015
  123. Pingback: Cheap Nike Shox
  124. Pingback: Cheap Nike Air Max
  125. Pingback: Jordan 8
  126. Pingback: Lebron 11 For Sale
  127. Pingback: Nike Air Max 2012
  128. Pingback: Kd Shoes For Sale
  129. Pingback: Nike Kd 5
  130. Pingback: louis vuitton bags
  131. Pingback: Air Max 2012
  132. Pingback: Moncler Shop
  133. Pingback: Lebron 10 Low
  134. Pingback: Nike Shoes Sale
  135. Pingback: isabel marant
  136. Pingback: used canada goose
  137. Pingback: parajumpers jacken
  138. Pingback: sac plume hermes
  139. Pingback: hermes voyage prix
  140. Pingback: barbour range
  141. Pingback: asics nimbus 14
  142. Pingback: canada goose usa
  143. Pingback: moncler it
  144. Pingback: pink ugg slippers
  145. Pingback: scarpe hogan donna
  146. Pingback: jimmy choo heels
  147. Pingback: Louis Vuitton alma
  148. Pingback: canada goose sale
  149. Pingback: 人気通販
  150. Pingback: asics gel 140 tr
  151. Pingback: barbour website
  152. Pingback: ugg clearance
  153. Pingback: parajumper
  154. Pingback: parajumpers jacka
  155. Pingback: Discount Ugg Boots
  156. Pingback: canada goose banff
  157. Pingback: canadian goose
  158. Pingback: veste hermes homme
  159. Pingback: Jimmy Choo Shoes
  160. Pingback: asics noosa tri 8
  161. Pingback: Kate Spade outlet
  162. Pingback: nike braata
  163. Pingback: parajumpers xxxl
  164. Pingback: asics gt 2160
  165. Pingback: moncler store
  166. Pingback: canada goose sale
  167. Pingback: Louis Vuitton Sale
  168. Pingback: asics gel fluent
  169. Pingback: Jimmy Choo Flats
  170. Pingback: new balance nb 577
  171. Pingback: buy parajumpers
  172. Pingback: gucci outlet store
  173. Pingback: goose jackets
  174. Pingback: cardy uggs
  175. Pingback: asics tiger
  176. Pingback: ugg 商品一覧
  177. Pingback: Moncler Saldi
  178. Pingback: Jimmy Choo sale
  179. Pingback: coach
  180. Pingback: asic running shoes
  181. Pingback: candagoose
  182. Pingback: jimmy choo france
  183. Pingback: asics gel nimbus
  184. Pingback: Nike Acg Sandals
  185. Pingback: kate spade coupons
  186. Pingback: The Ugg Outlet
  187. Pingback: ugg black friday
  188. Pingback: rYompCeF
  189. Pingback: canada goose kopi
  190. Pingback: Louboutin Pas Cher
  191. Pingback: Louboutin pas cher
  192. Pingback: air jordan 5
  193. Pingback: louboutin shoes
  194. Pingback: asics tiger
  195. Pingback: nike air max 87
  196. Pingback: canada goose dk
  197. Pingback: ugg cyber monday
  198. Pingback: discounted asics
  199. Pingback: Black Infrared 6s
  200. Pingback: asics gel neo33
  201. Pingback: chanel handtasche
  202. Pingback: barbour man
  203. Pingback: Pjs Parajumpers
  204. Pingback: asics gel scram
  205. Pingback: veste canada goose
  206. Pingback: hermes taschen
  207. Pingback: moncler pas cher
  208. Pingback: ugg online shop uk
  209. Pingback: uggs cyber monday
  210. Pingback: Parajumpers Parka
  211. Pingback: chanel 財布 男
  212. Pingback: michael kors bags
  213. Pingback: chanel handtasche
  214. Pingback: Parajumpers damen
  215. Pingback: アンティーク
  216. Pingback: ブーツ 関税
  217. Pingback: Discount Ugg Boots
  218. Pingback: New Face
  219. Pingback: wax barbour coat
  220. Pingback: 他ブランド
  221. Pingback: ブーツ大好き
  222. Pingback: Chanel pas cher
  223. Pingback: hermes h belts
  224. Pingback: 店舗情報
  225. Pingback: Cheap UGGs Boots
  226. Pingback: beats black friday
  227. Pingback: オールド
  228. Pingback: Moncler Vest Kids
  229. Pingback: お客様の声
  230. Pingback: アンティーク
  231. Pingback: ugg 見分け方
  232. Pingback: Mcm Men Bag
  233. Pingback: sac boy chanel
  234. Pingback: celine tasche
  235. Pingback: fake oakleys
  236. Pingback: sac chanel tote
  237. Pingback: ブーツ好き
  238. Pingback: Ugg Estivi
  239. Pingback: sac chanel 2014
  240. Pingback: sac pas cher
  241. Pingback: canada goose jakke
  242. Pingback: canada goose solde
  243. Pingback: uggs clearance
  244. Pingback: Coach Black Friday
  245. Pingback: Coach Black Friday
  246. Pingback: ugg シューズ
  247. Pingback: ブーツの長さ
  248. Pingback: ブーツの通販
  249. Pingback: canada goose norge
  250. Pingback: asics osaka tiger
  251. Pingback: new balance 150
  252. Pingback: parajumoers
  253. Pingback: Legend Blue 11s
  254. Pingback: asics gt 3000 men
  255. Pingback: canada goose norge
  256. Pingback: parajumpers tasche
  257. Pingback: fpga asic
  258. Pingback: ugg 通販 偽物
  259. Pingback: Ugg Ciabatte
  260. Pingback: michael korr
  261. Pingback: アグ 靴
  262. Pingback: Chanel Pas Cher
  263. Pingback: nike air max
  264. Pingback: canada goose norge
  265. Pingback: parajumper coats
  266. Pingback: canada goose pink
  267. Pingback: parajumpers store
  268. Pingback: bleu de chanel
  269. Pingback: le volume chanel
  270. Pingback: canada goose prix
  271. Pingback: 楽天商品
  272. Pingback: parajumper
  273. Pingback: veste canada goose
  274. Pingback: allure chanel
  275. Pingback: Coach Black Friday
  276. Pingback: basket gucci
  277. Pingback: burberry sale
  278. Pingback: chanel parfum
  279. Pingback: basket gucci femme
  280. Pingback: parka canada goose
  281. Pingback: coach outlet
  282. Pingback: gucci chaussures
  283. Pingback: fake uggs
  284. Pingback: miumiu 靴 通販
  285. Pingback: gucci scarpe
  286. Pingback: chanel montres
  287. Pingback: canada goose solde
  288. Pingback: uggs outlet
  289. Pingback: ugg store
  290. Pingback: ugg outlet
  291. Pingback: pub chanel
  292. Pingback: wow gold
  293. Pingback: ugg outlet
  294. Pingback: North Face Outlet
  295. Pingback: canada goose femme
  296. Pingback: bonnet gucci gris
  297. Pingback: eau bleu chanel
  298. Pingback: ciondoli gucci
  299. Pingback: canada goose homme
  300. Pingback: zPsyaIOZ
  301. Pingback: chanel parfum wiki
  302. Pingback: uggs for kids
  303. Pingback: oakley eyeglasses
  304. Pingback: scarpe air max 90
  305. Pingback: ray ban sunglasses
  306. Pingback: michael kors bag
  307. Pingback: michaelkors
  308. Pingback: miumiuのバック
  309. Pingback: canada goose jeune
  310. Pingback: uggs clearance
  311. Pingback: oakley sunglasess
  312. Pingback: miumiu 靴 2013
  313. Pingback: jordan concords
  314. Pingback: バック 新作
  315. Pingback: lunettes gucci

Comments are closed.